Резисторы. Пути совершенства

Дорога к совершенству резистора была длинна и потребовала ряда научных разработок и современных технологий, материалов и конструкций.

Краткая история

* 1776 г. Физик Генри Кавендиш исследо­вал удельные сопротивления веществ. Сопротивления из проволоки — самые первые рези­сторы, применяемые и сейчас.

Korpus resistora

Резисторы типа МЛТ и импортные

* В конце 20-х г.г. Б.И. Каминским созданы непроволочные резисторы с токопроводящим слоем из углерода. Для увеличения сопротивления на поверхности науглероженного стержня выполнялась нарезка.
* В начале 30-х г.г. Б.Т. Коломийцем и Ю.П. Масловцем предложены более совершенные ме­таллизированные резисторы, более теплостойкие и имеющие меньшие размеры, (их современные типы разработа­ны Б.А. Бочкарёвым и В.А. Бочкарёвой).
* 1944 г. освоен выпуск непроволочных резисторов.
* С 1945 г. рост производства пассивных радиокомпонентов: резисторов (и конденсаторов) для возросшего массового производства ламповых приёмников.
* 1950 г. Изобрета­тель А.В. Улитовский разработал полу­чение суб­микронного диаметра проводов металлургической отливкой.
* В 1960-х г. разрозненное производство комплектующих и отсутствие общей тех-документации заполнило рынок большой номенклатурой резисторов, различных конструкций и технических параметров.
* 1960-е.  Выпущены первые резисторы типов СП5-1/4, СП5-14.
* В 1960…1970 г.г. Созданы базовые конструкционные ряды постоянных и переменных резисторов, закрыв их номенклатурный дефицит.
* К 1970-му г. разработан ряд проволочных малогабаритных резисторов типов С5-5,С5-14, С5-16, С5-17 с мощностью рассеивания от 0,125 до 10 Вт, с диапазоном номинальных сопротивлений от 0,1 Ом до 180 кОм.
* В 1970…1980г.г. Актуальность миниатюризации потребовала создания резисторов, выдерживающих большое выделение энергии при минимальных габаритах корпуса. Благодаря разработке керметных резисторных композиций и их использованию для производства керметных резисторов удалось на три порядка расширить верхнюю границу номинального сопротивления, повысить удельную электрo-мощность, снизить габариты и массу.
* К концу 1970-х годов налажено изготовление металлофольговых резисторов.
* В 1980…1990г.г. Освоение толстопленочной технологии позволило быстро расширить область применения керметных резисторов.
* С 2003 по 2018 г. АО «Ресурс» освоен плный мощностной ряд толстопленочных чип — резисторов: от 0,062 Вт до 2 Вт с характеристиками на уровне зарубежных аналогов.
* 2014г. ОАО «Ресурс» поставляет чип-резисторы Р1-12 типоразмеров: 0402, 0603, 0805, 1206, 2010, 2512 категории качества ОТК взамен импортных.
* В 2011-2020 г.г. на базе фундаментальных, поисковых и прикладных НИР, проводимых НИИЭМП разрабатываются новые сверх-прецизионные проволочные, фольговые и тонкопленочные резисторы с улучшенной временной стабильностью, точностью, ТКС, керметные толстопленочные резисторы с современными характеристиками.

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